User Acceptance Testing : What Testers Should Know!

Web App Testing

Thursday September 20, 2018

Often, the most essential Software Testing is User Acceptance Testing .
You might think it is a bold statement, but it is actually the fact.
This technique is widely used due to its efficiency and effectiveness. If every step of user acceptance is followed correctly during the implementation process then it will increase the satisfaction of a customer.
UAT or UAT testing is another term used for User Acceptance Testing. In a nutshell ‘It is a process of verifying that a software or solution works appropriately for a user’.
Just keep in mind that it is all done for the user perspective.
User Acceptance Testing
UAT is last in the lane to ensure that a user is enjoying your product to the max.
The main motive of this whole step is to make sure that a software system is all set to be in front of users in a real world.
This testing phase also known as, Beta and End-user Testing is mostly considered during the web development process to ensure that the software is set for the final installation for the client site.
The software is tested in the real world by a particular set of users that test all the recording and correcting of any sort of small defects.
It is a chance for a user to do depth search on application to understand the features and its working. The main task for a user is to look out for miscommunicated, overlooked and not communicated points.
The key of UAT is to evaluate if a software system is able to support day-to-day activities and perform well in real scenarios. Another use is to ensure that the system is necessary and precise for commercial practice.
Types Of User Acceptance Testing.
There are mainly five types of User Acceptance Testing such as:

  • Alpha & Beta Testing–Alpha testing is done by the staff members only on an internal Whereas beta testing involves the testing on the field in the customer’s environment with the help of some customers that will use it.
  • Black Box Testing–It is a type of functional testing in which functionalities are analysed without knowing about internal code structure.
  • Contract Acceptance Testing–In this type of testing, the software is tested against some specifications or criteria which are predefined in a proper contract.
  • Operational Acceptance Testing–The Production Acceptance Testing or Operational Readiness Testing ensure that all the workflow used in the system are intact in a place and working properly.
  • Regulation Acceptance Testing–Compliance Acceptance Testing helps in investigating that the software fulfils all the appropriate guidelines of legal and governmental process.

Points To Note Before User Acceptance Testing
UAT is an essential phase for the software development. It can’t be taken until a software system is complete and intact with the fundamental features.
However, there are few points that must be taken under consideration before placing it for UAT.

  • All the requirements must be intact.
  • The entire application code must be up-to-date.
  • The main three phase of testing must be done beforehand – Integration testing, Unit testing and System testing.
  • There must be no discontinuing or medium/high faults in the Integration phase of testing.
  • Before sending for UAT, Improving errors are adequate in the application.
  • There must be no major defect in the regression testing.
  • All the defects that come into play during the time of testing must be corrected and tested again.
  • Traceability environment must be complete for all the testing.
  • UAT setting must be complete.
  • Sign off communication or mail from any of your testing system team that elaborates that the software is all set for UAT.

There are so many changes that can be missed during the testing phase and it will look complete.
app testing
However, there can be many changes that might be missed. Once a user will know because they know what they need and hence all the features will be checked by them thoroughly.
A customer and client can easily discover the problem that might be missed out by you.
This will help you to conduct an accurate test, delivery best outcome and maintain reputation.
On top of that, customers will know that there is something new launched in the market for them to use.
Involvement in User Acceptance Testing
The peer group that is most essential for the UAT testing must include real end users that will perform a test on your system.
The stakeholders and role group must be incorporated. This simply means that an individual of every group that is involved in the development phase must be in the team.
Start User Acceptance Testing 
After the above explanation, you must be cleared about what and why UAT must be included in the software development phase.
Now, you need to understand ‘how’ of the UAT. Mainly there is a total of four steps that must be considered but it will depend on the number of users that will take advantage of this software.
Is it going to be a single client or for purchase for all the users or is it to intend to the off-the-shelf applications.

Also Read : 10 Key Factors for Successful Test Automation

The main criteria that must be followed in the software are the ‘working’ requirement of the assembled application.
You can easily get a hang of it from the stories of users or system requirements. The second step is to create some test cases for UAT.
The UAT test cases are the test steps sets, expected results and execution conditions that must be developed for one or some specific purpose(s).
For instance, to authenticate the agreement with a precise requirement or to lookout for a specific program or a feature.
In the next step when everything is in place then the tests are run and all the results must be documented.
Is there any defect? Are they successful? If there are any errors then it is essential to correct it and then perform a re-test on it.
At the final point, if everything turns out right in the testing phase then an orderly sign off is the next thing to complete.
If you have an individual client then it is easier where the results must be documented. Once the application meets the criteria of the project then it is good to go.
These are the main points of the User Acceptance Testing that is used in the development cycle.
The projects are reduced to the likelihood of any errors that are elevated.
These to reduce the total work required in the maintenance or development phase. It is another phase that must be managed but it will reduce a lot of costs.
On top of that, you will get a happy and satisfied user that will get you more revenue.

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