Testing is an important process associated with all software before launching them in the market.
It is done in order to make sure that software is free from errors and bugs and is ready to be used by the end users.
Being such an important aspect of software’s production, it requires special skill sets; therefore it generates a lot of career opportunities.
Software Testing As a Career
The scope and profile of a software tester has undergone tremendous changes over the last decade.
Industries have realized the importance of software testing before releasing an application in the market.
There are several types and levels of specialization in software testing that has increased the value of software testers. Following are some of the job options for software testing.
Software Test Engineer
A software test engineer works in quality assurance team. They check the software to ensure that the programs are running properly. They have to check the functionality of a program.
They have to design, build and implement effective testing strategies. They adopt black box testing, white box testing, and grey box testing strategies to test a software application.
A software test engineer should possess a bachelor degree in the similar field. They should have key skills like; programming, active listening, reading comprehension, critical thinking etc.
A software test engineer should be a computer savvy and should know how to use computer servers and operating systems.
The average salary of a software test engineer is $82,212. The salary structure increases as per the experience and it also differs from company to company.
Quality Assurance Tester
The quality assurance testers are known as a problem solver. He assures the quality of software through manual and automated testing.
They are the important component of the software development process. A QA tester must possess at least a bachelor degree in computer science.
A quality assurance tester is responsible for:
The average salary of a quality assurance tester is $56,212 per year in the US
Quality Assurance Analyst
As the name suggests the quality assurance analyst ensure and analyze the quality of a software application.
He makes sure that the software is working properly and he also makes suggestions to management to make the functions better.
This is the prior responsibility of a quality assurance analyst to improve software application and programs within defined timelines and budgets.
They often work within testing environment and quality improvement team. The quality assurance analyst uses a variety of tools to compare the software with user’s requirements.
After testing the quality assurance analyst recommend changes and improvements in the software application. The average salary of a quality assurance analyst is $59,492 per year
A software engineer is the one who applies the software engineering principles to design, maintain, develop, test and evaluate computer software. To become a software engineer you required a bachelor’s degree in computer science, computer system engineering or software engineering. Sometimes a master or doctoral degree in the related discipline is required. A software engineer is responsible for the following tasks:
The average salary of a software tester is $104,463 per year.
Software Testing Hierarchy
We will discuss the Hierarchy structure of the software testing in brief with the help of illustrations:
This is the highest position to which any of the software testers can climb up to in a company. Project managers are generally the first point of contact in a software testing team. Any issues or discrepancies arises will be directed contacted to the project manager.
Project manager deals with the management of project which indicates seldom participation of the individual in various activities undergoing in a software testing firm. The project manager has the highest pay ranging from $136,144 to $154,267, as he is the only one who gives instructions to other team members and coordinates their activities.
The role of the QA manager is not only to analyze the project but also to make sure the testing procedure adheres to the protocols of the company.
The individual also ensures to oversee the quality of the software through various testing protocols and managing teams of QA engineers.
These QA managers also ensure to identify defects and bugs in existing software by implementing various aspects of testing.
He also does various other tasks, including conducting software tests, document software issues, improve the process, negotiate contracts or evaluate projects.
These testers have various skills and experience who can execute any type of testing tasks efficiently. Team leaders generally handle all the operations with his team and report to the QA manager.
A report which consists of test results, individuals also provides coordination with the project manager. The average salary of a QA team leader is $96,342 – $105,000.
They make sure that the task has been carried out in the given time and budget effectively.
This individual only supervises the assistant engineers or engineering graduates. The average salary of these testers is generally $55,475 – $76,499.
Salary of Software Testers in Different Countries
Also Read : Top 10 Mobile App Testing Companies In India