Smoke Testing, aka Build Verification Testing, is a boon for software development as it can be used as a verification method that can ensure that the product is stable and 100% functional. In short, it’s the easiest method available to test all the functionalities of an app.
In this tutorial, you will learn-
Let’s have a look at the Smoke Testing Process in detail.
In the realm of software development, smoke testing acts as a crucial checkpoint, ensuring that newly developed software has taken flight and is ready for further testing. It’s like conducting a pre-flight inspection, checking for any critical issues that could ground the software before it even embarks on its journey.
Imagine you’ve built a brand-new airplane equipped with cutting-edge technology and promising a smooth, comfortable flight. Before allowing passengers to board and embark on their adventure, a thorough smoke test is conducted. This involves checking the basic functionalities of the aircraft, ensuring the engines start, the controls respond, and the safety systems are in place.
Similarly, smoke testing in software development focuses on verifying the essential functionalities of a new build. It’s like a quick check-up to ensure the software can perform its core tasks without any major glitches or crashes. Testers execute a set of predetermined test cases, covering critical features like login, data entry, and basic navigation.
A realistic example would be a smoke test for an online shopping platform. The test cases might include:
Verifying user registration and login processes
Checking the product catalog and search functionality
Adding items to the cart and proceeding to checkout
Completing a purchase using different payment methods
Ensuring order confirmation and tracking information
If these core functionalities pass the smoke test, it indicates that the software is stable enough to proceed with more in-depth testing, where testers delve into finer details and uncover potential defects. Smoke testing serves as a gatekeeper, preventing software with critical issues from reaching further stages of testing and potentially causing delays or setbacks.
Picture this: a dedicated testing team ready to dive into a new build with enthusiasm and diligence. Each member, armed with the anticipation of contributing to the project’s success, begins their testing journey.
However, in the realm of software development, unforeseen challenges can emerge. The build may not align with expectations, or critical functionalities might be inadvertently broken. Unbeknownst to our diligent testing team, they embark on their testing expedition, investing eight hours each, only to discover that the foundation they started on is not as solid as anticipated.
At day’s end, a potentially disheartening revelation surfaces: the build may not be the right one, or perhaps there are significant issues that disrupt the testing process. In this scenario, 10 individuals have invested a collective 80 hours of sincere effort, only to realize that their contributions may be based on a faulty foundation.
Consider the emotional toll—the dedication, the focus, and the genuine commitment each tester brings to their work. It’s not just about lost hours; it’s about a team’s collective investment and the potential impact on morale.
This underscores the significance of a smoke test, a preliminary check to ensure that the foundation is stable before the entire team embarks on the testing journey. Implementing a smoke test isn’t just about efficiency; it’s a measure to safeguard the dedication and hard work of each team member. It’s an empathetic approach to acknowledging and optimizing the precious hours devoted to making a project successful. After all, empowering our teams with the right tools and strategies isn’t just about mitigating risks; it’s about valuing and respecting the invaluable contributions of every team member.
Smoke testing stands as a steadfast guardian of software stability, ensuring that each new build and release takes a confident step forward before embarking on further testing. Just as a pilot meticulously checks the aircraft’s vital systems before taking flight, smoke testing meticulously scrutinizes the core functionalities of the software.
This swift, 60-minute process should become an integral part of the software development lifecycle, performed for every new build and release, even if it means a daily routine. As the software matures and stabilizes, automating smoke testing within a CI pipeline becomes a valuable asset.
Integrating smoke testing into the CI/CD pipeline acts as a critical safeguard, preventing unstable or broken builds from reaching production. This proactive approach ensures that only high-quality software reaches the hands of users, fostering trust and satisfaction.
Embrace smoke testing, not as a mere formality but as an ally in your quest to build robust and reliable software. With its unwavering vigilance, smoke testing ensures that your software takes flight with confidence, soaring toward success.
Here is a more detailed explanation of the different steps in the smoke testing cycle:
Smoke testing stands as a faithful companion in the software development journey, ensuring that each new build takes a confident step forward before embarking on further testing. Just as a pilot meticulously checks the aircraft’s vital systems before taking flight, smoke testing meticulously scrutinizes the core functionalities of the software.
In the realm of manual smoke testing, the QA team takes the helm, meticulously navigating through the software, ensuring seamless functionality and an intuitive user experience. This hands-on approach allows for in-depth exploration, identifying any potential hiccups that could hinder the software’s progress.
When time is of the essence, automation emerges as a trusted ally, streamlining the smoke testing process. Pre-recorded smoke test cases can be executed swiftly, providing valuable insights into the software’s stability. This approach not only saves time but also enhances consistency and reproducibility.
Whether conducted manually or through automation, smoke testing serves as a collaborative effort between the QA and development teams. If any issues are identified, the development team promptly addresses them, ensuring that the software continues to move forward with stability and confidence.
Embrace smoke testing not as a mere formality but as an invaluable tool in your quest to build robust and reliable software. With its unwavering vigilance, smoke testing ensures that your software takes flight with confidence, soaring toward a successful release.
here is a step-by-step process on how to run smoke testing:
Remember, smoke testing is an iterative process that should be conducted regularly throughout the software development lifecycle to ensure software stability and quality.
Usually, the QA lead is the one who performs smoke testing. Once the major build of the software has been done, it will be tested to find out if it’s working well or not.
The entire QA team sits together and discusses the main features of the software, and the smoke test will be done to find out its condition.
In short, a smoke test is done in a development atmosphere to make sure that the build meets the requirement
|ID no:||Description||Steps||Expected Result||Actual Result||Status|
|1||To check login functionality||1. Launch the app
2. Go to the login page
3. Enter credentials
4. Click login
|Successful login||Login Successful||pass|
|2||To check video launch functionality||1. Go to the video page
2. Click the video
|Smooth playback of the video||Video player not popping up||Fail|
Sanity testing is done to verify functionalities are working perfectly according to the requirements after the fix. Deep testing will not be done while performing sanity testing.
Even though sanity testing and smoke testing might sound similar, there are differences
|Smoke Testing||Sanity Testing|
|To check critical functionalities||To check if new functionalities are working or bugs are fixed|
|Used to check the stability of the system||Used to check rationality in order to move into deeper tests|
|Performed by both developers and testers||Restricted to testers|
|A form of acceptance testing||A form of regression testing|
|Build can be stable and unstable when smoke testing is performed||Relatively stable when sanity testing is performed|
|The entire application is tested||Critical components is tested|
If all the points are covered, then you can be assured that you have a good smoke test suite ready.
One thing we need to always keep in mind is that the smoke test should not take more than 60 minutes.
We need to make sure that we choose the test cases judiciously to cover the most critical functionalities and establish the overall stability of the build.
A tester should enforce a process whereby only smoke-passed builds are picked up for further testing and validation.